Friday, 6 November 2015

History of chocolate

                           Chocolate is everyone’s favorite treat. Who don’t like it? There are very few people exist on earth who don’t like chocolate. Can you imagine your life without chocolate??? Well I can’t and I think you also. Would you want to know how this “foods of gods” was invented? If you than read below:

                          The cacao trees were first grows wild in Latin, America. Chocolate was firstly used in Olmec (Today’s Southeast Mexico) around 1900 B.C. The word “cacao” comes from “kakawa” spoke by people of Olmec. But sadly we don’t know how Olmec people actually used chocolate.

                           According to the first recorded evidence chocolate was firstly used as beverage by Mayans and then by Aztecs. They had created a drink called “Xocoatall” from beans of cocoa trees.
Did you know cacao beans were used as currency!!! Yes, you read it right they were used as currency. In Mayans times you could buy a rabbits only in 10 beans and if you had 100 beans than you could buy a slave. The beans were still used as currency in parts of Latin America until 19 century!!!
                        In 1528, the chocolate was gone to Spain. When Spaniards returned to Spain they brought chocolate with them but still as beverage. Then in 1615 the similar drink was brought to a royal wedding in France. The chocolate drink welcomed by England in 1662. To this point “chocolate” had been spelled variously as “chocalatall”, “jocolatte”, “jacolatte” and “chokelet”.
In 1657, first chocolate house opened in London. People went there and drank chocolate with playing cards or talking about politics.

                          World’s first solid chocolate was invented in 1850s when an Englishman Joseph Fry had add more cocoa butter rather than hot water to cocoa powder and sugar.
And world’s first milk chocolate bar was created in 1875 when Daniel Peter and Henri Nestle added condensed milk to solid chocolate. Today over  a 3 billion tons of cocoa supplies a 35 billion dollars chocolate industry.

                           Unfortunately, Chocolate history has had its dark side. Slave-like conditions and child labor still produce much of the world’s chocolate. Gazillions of acres of rainforest have been razed to make room for cacao trees.

                           Fortunately, some efforts are made and are still making to solve these problems.